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PIB 15th February 2021

Contents

  1. Initiatives under National Food Security Mission (NFSM)

INITIATIVES UNDER NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY MISSION (NFSM)

Context:

To achieve the objective of “harkhetkopani” & “Per Drop More Crop”, more than 2.5 lakh pump sets, 1.2 lakh sprinklers and around 764 lakh metres of water carrying pipes were distributed under NFSM from 2014-15 to 2019-2020 according to information provided by Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare.

Relevance:

GS-II: Social Justice, Polity and Governance

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. National Food Security Mission (NFSM)
  2. What is being done under NFSM?
  3. Sub-Components of NFSM

National Food Security Mission (NFSM)

National Food Security Mission (NFSM) was launched in 2007-08 to increase the production of rice, wheat and pulses through:

  1. Area expansion and productivity enhancement
  2. Restoring soil fertility and productivity
  3. Creating employment opportunities, and
  4. Enhancing farm level economy.
  • Coarse cereals were included from 2014-15 under NFSM.
  • The Mission was continued during 12th Five Year Plan with target of additional production of 25 million tonnes of food grains comprising of 10 million tonnes of rice, 8 million tonnes of wheat, 4 million tonnes of pulses and 3 million tonnes of coarse cereals by the end of XII Plan.
  • Beyond the 12th Plan, the mission was continued with new additional targets of 13 million tonnes of food grains.
  • Currently, NFSM is being implemented in identified districts of 28 States & 2 Union Territories (UTs) viz. Jammu & Kashmir (J&K) and Ladakh in the country.

What is being done under NFSM?

  • Assistance is being provided to the farmers for organizing cluster demonstrations on improved package of practices, demonstrations on cropping system.
  • Under the Mission, Seed distribution of HYVs, farm machineries/resources conservation machineries/tools, efficient water application tools, plant protection, nutrient management, cropping system-based trainings to the farmers etc., are provided.
  • From the year, 2020-21, primary processing units/small storage bins/flexibility interventions have been added as per local requirements with the aim of increasing the income of the farmers.
  • Focused attention for improving the seed replacement rate and varietal replacement is given in the Mission.
  • To increase the seed replacement rate (SRR) of improved varieties of food grains – certified seeds of high yielding varieties/ hybrids of rice, wheat, pulses & coarse cereals are distributed under NFSM.
  • The Mission has been able to achieve around 110 lakh ha area to be treated with Micronutrients, Bio-fertilizers, soil ameliorants/ (Gypsum/Lime/others).

Sub-Components of NFSM

  • NFSM presently comprises of the following Sub-components
  • National Food Security Mission – Rice (NFSM-Rice)
  • National Food Security Mission – Wheat (NFSM-Wheat)
  • National Food Security Mission – Pulses (NFSM-Pulses)
  • National food Security Mission – Coarse cereals (NFSM-Coarse cereals)
  • National Food Security Mission – Nutri cereals (NFSM- Nutri cereals)
  • National Food Security Mission – Commercial crops (NFSM-Commercial crops)
  • National Food Security Mission – Oilseeds and Oilpalm (NFSM-Oilseeds)
  • National Food Security Mission – Seed village programme

-Source: PIB

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