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PIB 16th February 2021

Contents

  1. Pey Jal Survekshan
  2. Mahabahu-Brahmaputra, Dhubri Phulbari and Majuli Bridges

PEY JAL SURVEKSHAN

Context:

A Pilot Pey Jal Survekshan under Jal Jeevan Mission- Urban has been launched by the Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs on 16th February 2021.

Relevance:

GS-II: Social Justice (Government Schemes and Interventions), Prelims

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Pey Jal Survekshan
  2. AMRUT
  3. Components of AMRUT
  4. Jal Jeevan Mission

Pey Jal Survekshan

  • Pey Jal Survekshan will be conducted in 10 cities to ascertain the equitable distribution of water, reuse of wastewater and mapping of water bodies concerning quantity and quality of water through a challenging process.
  • Based on the learnings of the pilot, the survey will be extended to all the AMRUT cities.

Key points

  • The data on drinking water, wastewater management, non-revenue water and condition of three water bodies in the city will be collected through face-to-face interviews with citizens and municipal officials as per the approved questionnaire, water sample collection and laboratory testing, on-call interviews, and field survey for non-revenue water.
  • The mission will be monitored through a technology-based platform on which the beneficiary’s response will be monitored along with progress and output-outcome.
  • The funding from the government will be in three tranches of 20:40:40.
  • The third installment will be released based on functional outcomes achieved and credible exclusion will be exercised while funding.

AMRUT – Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation

  • Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme that was launched in 2015, by the Housing and Urban Affairs.
  • AMRUT aims to ensure that every household has access to a tap with the assured supply of water and a sewerage connection.
  • The Priority zone of the Mission is water supply followed by sewerage.
  • AMRUT also aims to reduce pollution by switching to public transport or constructing facilities for non-motorized transport and to increase the amenity value of cities by developing greenery and well-maintained open spaces.
  • An Apex Committee (AC), chaired by the Secretary, MoHUA and comprising representatives of related Ministries and organisations supervises the Mission.

Components of AMRUT

  1. Capacity building,
  2. Reform implementation,
  3. Water supply,
  4. Sewerage and septage management,
  5. Storm water drainage,
  6. Urban transport and
  7. Development of green spaces and parks.

The reforms aim at improving delivery of citizen services, bringing down the cost of delivery, improving financial health, augmenting resources and enhancing transparency. It also includes replacement of street lights with LED lights.

Jal Jeevan Mission

  • Jal Jeevan Mission, a central government initiative under the Ministry of Jal Shakti, aims to ensure access of piped water for every household in India.
  • The mission’s goal is to provide to all households in rural India safe and adequate water through individual household tap connections by 2024.
  • The Har Ghar Nal Se Jal programme was announced by FM in Budget 2019-20 speech.
  • This programme forms a crucial part of the Jal Jeevan Mission.
  • The programme aims to implement source sustainability measures as mandatory elements, such as recharge and reuse through greywater management, water conservation, and rainwater harvesting.

Jal Jeevan Mission- Urban (JJM-U)

  • The mission is meant to create a people’s movement for water, making it everyone’s priority.
  • There is an estimated gap of 2.68 crore urban household tap connections that the Mission would seek to bridge in all 4,378 statutory towns.
  • The Mission would also aim to bridge the gap of 2.64 crore sewer connections in the 500 cities under the existing Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT).
  • The mission would include rejuvenation of water bodies to boost the sustainable freshwater supply and the creation of green spaces.

-Source: PIB


MAHABAHU-BRAHMAPUTRA, DHUBRI PHULBARI AND MAJULI BRIDGES

Context:

The Prime Minister will launch the ‘Mahabahu-Brahmaputra’, lay the foundation stone of Dhubri Phulbari Bridge and Majuli Bridge in Assam

Relevance:

GS-III: Industry and Infrastructure 

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Mahabahu-Brahmaputra
  2. Dhubri Phulbari Bridge
  3. Majuli Bridge

Mahabahu-Brahmaputra

  • The launch of Mahabahu-Brahmaputra will be marked by the inauguration of the Ro-Pax vessel operations between Neamati-Majuli Island, North Guwahati-South Guwahati and Dhubri-Hatsingimari; Shilanyas of Inland Water Transport (IWT) Terminal at Jogighopa and various tourist jetties on River Brahmaputra and launch of digital solutions for Ease-of-Doing-Business.
  • The program is aimed at providing seamless connectivity to the Eastern parts of India and includes various development activities for the people living around River Brahmaputra and River Barak.
  • The Ro-Pax services will help in reducing the travel time by providing connectivity between banks and thus reducing the distance to be travelled by road.
  • The Ro-Pax operation between Neamati and Majuli will reduce the total distance of 420 Km currently being travelled by vehicles to only 12 Km, resulting in a substantial impact on the logistics of small-scale industries of the region.
  • A permanent Inland Water Transport Terminal will also be built at Jogighopa under the program, which will connect with the Multi-Modal Logistics Park also coming up at Jogighopa.
  • This Terminal will help in reducing the traffic on the Siliguri Corridor towards Kolkata and Haldia. It will also facilitate the uninterrupted movement of cargo even during flood season to various North-Eastern States like Meghalaya and Tripura and to Bhutan and Bangladesh as well.

Dhubri Phulbari Bridge

  • Prime Minister will lay the foundation stone for the four-lane bridge over the Brahmaputra between Dhubri (on North Bank) and Phulbari (on South Bank).
  • The proposed Bridge will connect Dhubri in Assam to Phulbari, Tura, Rongram and Rongjeng in Meghalaya.

Majuli Bridge

  • Prime Minister will perform Bhumi Pujan for the two-lane Bridge on the Brahmaputra between Majuli (North Bank) and Jorhat (South Bank).
  • The bridge will connect Neematighat (on Jorhat side) and Kamalabari (on Majuli side).
  • The Construction of the bridge has been a long demand of the people of Majuli who for generations have been dependent on the ferry services to connect with the mainland of Assam.

-Source: PIB

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