- ELECTION COMMISSION OF INDIA
- FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION
- DEDICATED FREIGHT CORRIDOR
- SANKALP SE SIDDH
ELECTION COMMISSION OF INDIA
Focus: GS II- Constitution
Why in news?
ECI organised a virtual conference of Chief Electoral Officers.
About Election Commission of India:
- The Election Commission of India is an autonomous constitutional authority responsible for administering Union and State election processes in India.
- The body administers elections to the Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, and State Legislative Assemblies in India, and the offices of the President and Vice President in the country.
|Articles related to Elections|
|324||Superintendence, direction and control of elections to be vested in an Election Commission.|
|325||No person to be ineligible for inclusion in, or to claim to be included in a special, electoral roll on grounds of religion, race, caste or sex.|
|326||Elections to the House of the People and to the Legislative Assemblies of States to be on the basis of adult suffrage.|
|327||Power of Parliament to make provision with respect to elections to Legislatures.|
|328||Power of Legislature of a State to make provision with respect to elections to such Legislature.|
|329||Bar to interference by courts in electoral matters.|
Composition of Election Commission
Article 324 of the Constitution has made the following provisions with regard to the composition of the election commission:
- The President appoints the Chief Election Commissioner and other election commissioners.
- When any other EC is so appointed, the CEC acts as the Election Commission’s Chairman.
- The President can also appoint regional commissioners to assist the Commission, if necessary after consulting with the Election Commission.
- The tenure of office and the conditions of service of all the commissioners shall be determined by the country’s President.
- The Election Commission of India is considered the guardian of free and reasonable elections.
- It issues the Model Code of Conduct in every election for political parties and candidates so that the decorum of democracy is maintained.
- It regulates political parties and registers them for being eligible to contest elections.
- It publishes the allowed limits of campaign expenditure per candidate to all the political parties, and also monitors the same.
- The political parties must submit their annual reports to the ECI for getting tax benefit on contributions.
- It guarantees that all the political parties regularly submit their audited financial reports.
Other powers handled by the Election Commission of India are as follows:
- The Commission can repress the results of opinion polls if it deems such an action fit for the cause of democracy.
- The Commission can recommend for disqualification of members after the elections if it thinks they have violated certain guidelines.
- In case, a candidate is found guilty of dishonest practices during the elections, the Supreme Court and High Courts consult the Commission.
- The Commission can postpone candidates who fail to submit their election expense accounts timely.
FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION
Focus: GS II- International Groupings
Why in news?
Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare addressed the 42nd session of FAO Conference.
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
- The Food and Agriculture Organization is an specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.
- FAO is also a source of knowledge and information and helps developing countries and countries in transition modernize and improve agriculture, forestry and fisheries practices, ensuring good nutrition and food security for all.
- Formation: 16 October 1945, in Quebec City, Canada
- Headquarters: Rome, Italy
- The Sustainable Development Goal (SDG-2) also aims to “End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture” by 2030.
- It maintains regional and field offices around the world, operating in over 130 countries.
- It also conducts research, provides technical assistance to projects, operates educational and training programs, and collects data on agricultural output, production, and development.
- Composed of 197 member states, the FAO is governed by a biennial conference representing each member country and the European Union, which elects a 49-member executive council.
- The Director-General serves as the chief administrative officer.
DEDICATED FREIGHT CORRIDOR
Focus: GS III- Infrastructure
Why in news?
The Indian Army conducted a successful trial by moving a military train loaded with vehicles and equipment from New Rewari to New Phulera validating the efficacy of the DFC.
About Dedicated Freight Corridor (DFC):
- It is a high speed and high capacity railway corridor that is exclusively meant for the transportation of goods and commodities.
- It involves integration of better infrastructure and state of the art technology.
Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor (EDFC):
- It starts at Sahnewal (Ludhiana) in Punjab and ends at Dankuni in West Bengal.
- The EDFC route has coal mines, thermal power plants and industrial cities.
- The EDFC route covers Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal
- The World Bank is funding a majority of the EDFC.
Western Dedicated Freight Corridor (WDFC):
- The other arm is the around 1,500-km WDFC from Dadri in Uttar Pradesh to Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust in Mumbai, touching all major ports along the way.
- The WDFC covers Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh.
- It is being funded by the Japan International Cooperation Agency.
- Connecting Link for Eastern and Western Arm: It is under construction between Dadri and Khurja.
- Logistics costs will be reduced.
- Higher energy efficiency.
- Faster movement of goods.
- It is environmentally friendly.
- It will provide ease of doing business.
- Helps in generating more employment.
Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India Ltd.
Nodal: Ministry of railways
- It is a special purpose vehicle tasked with planning and completion of 3,306 kms of DFCs.
- It is headquartered in New Delhi and is a Public Sector Undertaking (PSU).
- It engages in the planning and development, deployment of monetary resources, building, upkeep, and the operation of the DFCs.
SANKALP SE SIDDH
Focus: GS II- Government policies and Interventions
Why in news?
TRIFED under Ministry of Tribal Affairs has launched “Sankalp se Siddhi – Mission Van Dhan”
About Sankalp se siddh
- It is a 100 day drive which was stared from 1st of April.
- The drive will entail 150 teams visiting ten villages each of which 10 in each region from TRIFED and State Implementation Agencies, visiting ten villages each.
- The main aim of this drive is to activate the Van Dhan Vikas Kendras in these villages.
- The visiting teams will also identify locations and shortlist potential Van Dhan Vikas Kendras for clustering as TRIFOOD, and Scheme of Fund for Regeneration of Traditional Industries- SFURTI units as larger enterprises.
- TRIFOOD aims to enhance the income of tribals through better utilization of and value addition to the Minor Forest Produce collected by the tribal forest gatherers.
- It is expected that Sankalp Se Siddhi will aid in effecting a complete transformation of the tribal ecosystem across the country.
Nodal: Ministry of tribal affairs
- The Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India (TRIFED) came into existence in 1987.
- It is a national-level apex organization functioning under the administrative control of Ministry of Tribal Affairs.
- The ultimate objective of TRIFED is socio-economic development of tribal people in the country by way of marketing development of the tribal products.
- TRIFED acts as a facilitator and service provider for tribes to sell their product.
- The approach by TRIFED aims to empower tribal people with knowledge, tools and pool of information so that they can undertake their operations in a more systematic and scientific manner.