Contents:

  1. International protection for Great Indian Bustard, Bengal Florican and Asian Elephant
  2. Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission (SPMRM) 
  3. List of Formation Dates of All the States in India

INTERNATIONAL PROTECTION FOR GREAT INDIAN BUSTARD, BENGAL FLORICAN AND ASIAN ELEPHANT

  • India’s proposal to include Great Indian Bustard, Asian Elephant and Bengal Florican in Appendix I of UN Convention on migratory species was unanimously accepted today at the ongoing thirteenth Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Migratory Species (CMS) in Gandhinagar.

Asian Elephant

  • The Government of India has declared Indian elephant as National Heritage Animal.
  • Indian elephant is also provided highest degree of legal protection by listing it in Schedule I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
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Great Indian Bustard

  • The Great Indian Bustard, an iconic, critically endangered and conservation dependent species, exhibits transboundary movements, and its migration exposes it to threats such as hunting in boundary area of Pakistan-India and power-line collisions in India.
  • Inclusion of the species in Appendix I of CMS will aide in transboundary conservation efforts facilitated by International conservation bodies and existing international laws and agreement

Bengal Florican

The Bengal Florican an iconic, critically endangered species of topmost conservation priority, exhibits transboundary movements, and its migration exposes it to threats such as land use changes, collision with power transmission line at boundary area of India-Nepal and probable power-line collisions


SHYAMA PRASAD MUKHERJI RURBAN MISSION (SPMRM) 

  • Undertaken by the Union Ministry of Rural Development, the SPMRM focuses on cluster-based integrated development through Spatial Planning.
  • Rurban clusters are identified across the country’s rural areas showing increasing signs of urbanization – i.e. increase in population density, high levels of non-farm employment, presence of growing economic activities and other socioeconomic parameters.
  • Under the mission 300 Rurban clusters are envisaged to be developed in a timebound manner.
  • Of these 296 clusters have been selected and number of Integrated Cluster Action Plans (ICAPs) approved are 288 and Detailed Project Reports of 240 have been approved.

LIST OF FORMATION DATES OF ALL STATES

India is a federal union comprising 28 states and 9 union territories, for a total of 37 entities

State  Formation  date and Year
Andhra Pradesh         1 October 1953
Telangana         02  June  2014
Arunachal Pradesh         20 February 1987
Assam         15 August        1947
Bihar                     01 April 1936
Chhattisgarh         01 November 2000
Goa                    30 May 1987
Gujarat         01 May 1960
Haryana         01 November 1966
Himachal Pradesh         25  January        1971
Jharkhand         15 November 2000
Karnataka         01 November 1956
Kerala         01 November 1956
Maharashtra         01 May 1960
Manipur         21 January        1972
Meghalaya         21 January        1972
Mizoram         20 February 1987
Nagaland         1 December        1963
Odisha         01 April 1936
Punjab         01 November 1966
Rajasthan         01 November 1956
Sikkim         16 May        1975
Tamilnadu         26 January        1950
Telangana         02 June        2014
Tripura         21 January        1972
Uttar Pradesh         26 January        1950
Uttarakhand         9 November 2000
West Bengal         01 November 1956
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