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PIB 22nd November 2020

Contents

  1. The CCE Approach
  2. SIMBEX-20
  3. SITMEX-20
  4. Jal Jeevan Mission

THE CIRCULAR CARBON ECONOMY (CCE) APPROACH

Focus:  GS 3; Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

Why in News?

Text of PM’s address at the G-20 summit Side Event: Safeguarding the Planet: The CCE Approach

About the CCE Approach

  • The circular carbon economy (CCE) is an integrated and inclusive approach to transitioning toward more comprehensive, resilient, sustainable, and climate-friendly energy systems that support and enable sustainable development.
  • The CCE is a holistic approach to carbon management that can guide international efforts toward a more inclusive, resilient, sustainable, and carbon‐neutral or net‐zero energy system.
  • The CCE enables countries to take advantage of all technologies, forms of energy, and mitigation opportunities according to resource availability, economics, and national circumstances.
Circular Carbon Economy 
Atmosphere 
Reduce 
Reuse 
Recycle 
Remove 
Energy 
C02 
Products 
Renewables 
(non-bio) 
Nuclear 
Hydrocarbons 
Bio-energy 
Carbon 
utilization 
Carbon 
capture 
Direct Air 
capture 
Energy 
efficiency 
Carbon 
Storage 
Natural 
sinks

Above attached image of Circular Carbon Economy (CCE)

  • The circular carbon economy builds on the principles of circular economy and applies them to managing carbon emissions:
  1. To reduce the carbon that must be managed in the first place,
  2. To reuse carbon as an input to create feedstocks and fuels,
  3. To recycle carbon through the natural carbon cycle with bioenergy, and, unique to circular carbon economy, to remove excess carbon and store it.
  • How climate scenarios transition over time, each of the scenarios results in similar climate outcomes (less than a 2 degree C increase in global average temperatures above pre-industrial levels), but take different paths to get there.
  • By visualizing these scenarios in a circular carbon economy framework, we can see how all options to manage carbon emissions are critical in reaching climate goals, as shown in the below attached image. (please refer the link too regarding the visualizer https://www.cceguide.org/cce-visualiser/)
Scenario 1 / 5 
Net C02 to the 
Atmosphere 
Unassigned 
Balanced v 
O 
O 
See info 
13.87 Gt COZ 
2025 
Reuse 
Non-biomass 
renewables 
2030 
2035 
2040 
2045 
2050 
Pause 
Exit fullscreen 
Atmosphere 
Res & comm 
Transport 
CCS 
Bioenergy 
with CCS 
Industrial 
Hydrocarbons 
Carbon capture 
DAC 
Electricity 
Geo storage 
-9 Photosynthesis 
Natural sinks 
Net sinks 
Energy 
efficiency 
Hydrocarbons 
with CCS 
Nuclear

Above image attached of CCE Visualizer based on the balanced view from 2025 to 2050 yr to check the growing needs of humans in future.

  • As PM Modiji mentioned about the CCE Approach in the G20 Virtual summit 2020 stating “There are efforts to eliminate single-use plastics;   Our forest cover is Expanding ; The lion  and tiger  population is increasing;  We aim to restore  26 million hectares of degraded  land by 2030;   And, we are encouraging a circular economy.  India is making  next-generation infrastructure such as  metro networks,  water-ways and more.  In addition to convenience  and efficiency ,  they will also contribute  to a cleaner environment.  We will meet our goal of 175 Giga Watts  of renewable energy  well before the target of 2022.  Now, we are taking a big step ahead  by seeking to achieve  450 Giga Watts  by 2030. “
  • The CCE Approach helps the future for the countries to meet the Paris Agreement requirements and to go forward to have the Sustainable and balanced approach while dealing with Environment and Developmental issues.

Please click on this link and Refer detailed Explanation about Paris Agreement.


SIMBEX-20

Focus:  GS 2; Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

Why in News?

Indian Navy to Host Exercise SIMBEX-20 in Andaman Sea

About SIMBEX-20

  • The Singapore India Maritime Bilateral Exercise (SIMBEX) is an annual bilateral naval exercise conducted by the Indian Navy and the Republic of Singapore Navy (RSN).
  • The exercise has been held annually since 1994.
India-Singapore to sign MoU for industrial property cooperation
  • Over the years, SIMBEX has progressed beyond its original emphasis on anti-submarine warfare to include elements of maritime security, anti-air and anti-surface warfare.
: 구亡 띄•쯔
  • The Indian Navy (IN) is scheduled to host the 27th edition of India – Singapore Bilateral Maritime Exercise SIMBEX-20 from 23rd to 25th November 2020 in Andaman Sea.
  • The 2020 edition of SIMBEX will witness participation by Indian Navy ships including destroyer Rana with integral Chetak helicopter and indigenously built corvettes Kamorta and Karmuk.
  • In addition, Indian Navy’s submarine Sindhuraj and P8I maritime reconnaissance aircraft will also participate in the exercise.
  • The Republic of Singapore Navy (RSN) will be represented by the Formidable-class frigates Intrepid and Steadfast with S70B helicopter and Endurance-class landing ship tank Endeavour in the exercise.
Peninsular 
Malaysia 
South China Sea 
ingapore 
——Singapore 
Indonesia

Above image of Singapore map location, situated near Strait of Malacca.

  • The 2020 exercise is being conducted as a ‘non-contact, at sea only’ exercise in view of the COVID-19 pandemic.

About Other Military Exercises between India and Singapore

  • The Bold Kurukshetra (Army)
  • The Joint Military Training (Air Force)

SITMEX-20

Focus:  GS 2; Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

Why in News?

TRILATERAL MARITIME EXERCISE SITMEX-20 IN ANDAMAN SEA

About SITMEX-20

  • Recently, the second edition of the India, Thailand and Singapore trilateral Naval exercise SITMEX-20 concluded in the Andaman Sea.
  • The Indian Navy (IN) Ships including indigenously built ASW corvette Kamorta and missile corvette Karmuk are participating in the 2nd edition of India, Singapore and Thailand Trilateral Maritime Exercise SITMEX-20.
: TRILATERAL 
MARITIME EXERCISE
  • The first edition of SITMEX, hosted by Indian Navy, was conducted off Port Blair in September 2019. 
  • The SITMEX series of exercises are conducted to enhance mutual inter-operability and imbibing best practices between IN, Republic of Singapore Navy (RSN) and Royal Thai Navy (RTN). 
  • The RSN is being represented by the ‘Formidable’ Class frigate ‘Intrepid’ and ‘Endurance’ Class Landing Ship Tank ‘Endeavour’ and  RTN by the ‘Chao Phraya’ Class frigate ‘Kraburi’ in the exercise.
Myanmar Laos 
Chiang Mai 
Bangkok 
South China Sea 
Vi tnam 
Cambo ia 
Andaman 
sea 
T ailand 
alaysia

Above image of Thailand location, helps to connect the India’s Act East Policy and ASEAN connect etc.,

  • The exercise, being conducted as a ‘non-contact, at sea only’ exercise in view of COVID-19 pandemic, highlights growing synergy, coordination and cooperation in the maritime domain between the three friendly navies and maritime neighbors.
  • The two days of maritime drills will witness the three navies participate in a variety of exercises including naval maneuvers, surface warfare exercises and weapon firings.
  • Besides improving inter-operability between the friendly navies, SITMEX series of exercise also aim to strengthen mutual confidence and develop common understanding and procedures towards enhancing the overall maritime security in the region.  
THE EXAMS MADE SIMPLE: Complete List of All the Joint Military Exercises of  India | UPSC Prelims 2017

Above image attached regarding the other exercises which are conducted between India , Thailand and Singapore


JAL JEEVAN MISSION

Focus:  GS 2 ;  Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Why in News?

Innovative Technology infusion for better implementation of Jal Jeevan Mission

Please click on this link and Refer detailed Explanation about Jal Jeevan Mission.

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