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PIB 28th May 2021

CONTENTS

  1. NATIONAL DIGITAL HEALTH MISSION (NDHM)
  2. SeHAT OPD PORTAL
  3. NON ALIGNMENT MOVEMENT

NATIONAL DIGITAL HEALTH MISSION (NDHM)

Focus: GS II- Health

Why in news?

PM chairs high level meeting to review progress of National Digital Health Mission.

About NDHM:

Nodal: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

  • The NDHM is a complete digital health ecosystem. 
  •  Key features
    • Health ID,
    • Personal health records,
    • Digi Doctor 
    • Health facility registry.
  • At a later stage, it will also include e-pharmacy and telemedicine services, regulatory guidelines for which are being framed.
  • The NDHM is implemented by the National Health Authority (NHA) under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
    • The National Health Authority (NHA), is also the implementing agency for Ayushman Bharat.
  • The platform will be available in the form of an app and website.
  • The Digi Doctor option will allow doctors from across the country to enrol and their details, including their contact numbers if they want to provide them, will be available.
  • These doctors will also be assigned digital signatures for free which can be used for writing prescriptions.
Health ID
  • The national health ID will be a repository of all health-related information of every Indian.
  • Various healthcare providers — such as hospitals, laboratories, insurance companies, online pharmacies, telemedicine firms — will be expected to participate in the health ID system.
  • Every patient who wishes to have their health records available digitally must create a unique Health ID, using their basic details and mobile or Aadhaar number.
  • Each Health ID will be linked to a health data consent manager, which will be used to seek the patient’s consent and allow for seamless flow of health information from the Personal Health Records module.
  • The Health ID will be voluntary and applicable across states, hospitals, diagnostic laboratories and pharmacies.

SeHAT OPD PORTAL

Focus: GS II- Health

Why in news?

Ministry of Defence launched ‘Services e-Health Assistance & Tele-consultation (SeHAT) OPD portal through video conferencing.

About SeHAT OPD portal:

  • The portal provides tele-medicine services to the serving Armed Forces personnel, veterans and their families.
  • This is the final version of the SeHAT OPD portal with advanced safety features.
  • The trial version was made functional in August 2020.
  • More than 6,500 medical consultations have already been carried on the beta version by service doctors. 
  • Department of Military Affairs (DMA), Armed Forces Medical Services (AFMS), Integrated Defence Staff (IDS), Centre for Development of Artificial Computing (C-DAC) Mohali and other organisations are involved in the development of the portal.
  • The portal reflects the Government’s commitment to ‘Digital India’ and ‘e-governance‘.

PROCEDURE

SeHAT OPD Portal | UPSC

NON ALIGNMENT MOVEMENT

GS I- Post Independence India

Why in news?

Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare virtually participated in a meeting with Ministers of Health of the NAM (Non-Aligned Movement) Countries, Director-General of the World Health Organisation was also present in the meeting.

Non-Alignment Movement

  • The Non-Aligned Movement was formed during the Cold War as an organization of States that did not seek to formally align themselves with either the United States or the Soviet Union, but sought to remain independent or neutral.
  • The basic concept for the group originated in 1955 during discussions that took place at the Asia-Africa Bandung Conference held in Indonesia.
  • The first NAM Summit Conference took place in Belgrade, Yugoslavia, in September 1961.
  • It has 120 members as on April 2018 comprising 53 countries from Africa, 39 from Asia, 26 from Latin America and the Caribbean and 2 from Europe (Belarus, Azerbaijan).
  • There are 17 countries and 10 international organizations that are Observers at NAM.
  • The Non-Aligned Movement was founded and held its first conference (the Belgrade Conference) in 1961 under the leadership of Josip Broz Tito of Yugoslavia, Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt, Jawaharlal Nehru of India, Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana, and Sukarno of Indonesia.
Principles of NAM:  
  • Mutual respect for each other’s territorial integrity and sovereignty
  • Mutual non-aggression
  • Mutual non-interference in domestic affairs
  • Equality and mutual benefit
  • Peaceful co-existence

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