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PIB Summaries 05 June 2024

  1. Phenome India Project


Context:

Recently, CSIR concluded the first phase of its longitudinal health monitoring project, Phenome India, and organised a special event, Phenome India Unboxing 1.0.

Relevance:

GS III: Science and Technology

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. About ‘Phenome India’ Project
  2. About the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)

About ‘Phenome India’ Project

  • Project Name: Phenome India-CSIR Health Cohort Knowledgebase (PI-CheCK)
  • Initiated by: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)
  • Launch Date: 7th December 2023
Objective
  • Goal: Develop India-specific risk prediction models for cardio-metabolic diseases including diabetes, liver diseases, and cardiac diseases.
  • Scope: The first-ever pan-India longitudinal health monitoring study focused on cardio-metabolic diseases.

Participants and Data Collection

  • Participants: Nearly 10,000 participants including CSIR employees, pensioners, and their spouses from 17 states and 24 cities.
  • Data Collected: Clinical questionnaires, lifestyle and dietary habits, anthropometric measurements, imaging/scanning data, and extensive biochemical and molecular data.
Importance
  • Significance: Understanding the risk and incidence of cardio-metabolic disorders in the Indian population, considering ethnic diversity and varied lifestyle patterns.
Precision Medicine Initiative
  • P4 Healthcare: Promoting Predictive, Personalised, Participatory, and Preventive healthcare tailored specifically to Indian phenotypic and genetic profiles.

About the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)

Establishment and Location
  • Established: September 1942
  • Headquarters: New Delhi
Funding and Autonomy
  • Funding: Ministry of Science and Technology
  • Autonomous Body: Operates under the Societies Registration Act, of 1860.
Objectives
  • Focus Areas: Scientific research and development in fields such as aerospace, biology, chemistry, earth sciences, engineering, and medical sciences.
Organisational Structure
  • President: The Prime Minister of India (Ex-officio)
  • Vice President: The Union Minister of Science and Technology (Ex-officio)
Governing Body:
  • Head: Director-General
  • Ex-officio Member: Finance secretary (expenditures)
  • Term Duration: Members serve terms of three years.
CSIR Advisory Board:
  • Composition: 15-member body of prominent experts from various scientific and technological fields.
  • Role: Provide science and technology insights to the governing body, with member terms spanning three years.

June 2024
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