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PIB Summaries 18 June 2022

CONTENTS

  1. Press Council of India

Press Council of India


Focus: GS II- Polity and Governance

Why in News?

The Government of India has nominated Smt. Justice Ranjana Prakash Desai as Chairperson of Press Council of India.

  • Smt Justice Desai is a retired Judge of Supreme Court of India.

About Press Council of India:

  • The PCI was formed in 1978 under the PCI Act.
  • Its goal is to protect press freedom while also maintaining and improving the standards of newspapers and news organisations in India.
  • A chairman and 28 additional members make up the PCI.
  • The Speaker of the Lok Sabha, the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha, and a member elected by the PCI choose the Chairman.

Functions: 

  • Helping newspapers maintain their independence.
  • Build a code of conduct for journalists and news agencies.
  • Help maintain “high standards of public taste” and foster responsibility among citizens.
  • Review developments likely to restrict flow of news.

Powers: 

  • The PCI has the power to receive complaints of violation of the journalistic ethics, or professional misconduct by an editor or journalist.
  • The PCI is responsible for enquiring into complaints received.
  • It may summon witnesses and take evidence under oath, demand copies of public records to be submitted, even issue warnings and admonish the newspaper, news agency, editor or journalist.
  • Decisions of the PCI are final and cannot be appealed before a court of law.

Limitations on the powers of the PCI: 

  • The PCI has limited powers of enforcing the guidelines issued. It cannot penalize newspapers, news agencies, editors and journalists for violation of the guidelines.
  • The PCI only overviews the functioning of print media. That is, it can enforce standards upon newspapers, journals, magazines and other forms of print media.
  • It does not have the power to review the functioning of the electronic media like radio, television and internet media.

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June 2022
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