Focus: GS II: Government Scheme
Why in News?
There is no provision for budgetary allocation from Central Government or State Governments to the Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY). The various projects taken up under Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra KalyanYojna (PMKKKY) are funded through the funds accrued under DMFT.
About Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY):
- The programme is meant to provide for the welfare of areas and people affected by mining related operations, using the funds generated by District Mineral Foundations (DMFs).
Objectives of the scheme:
- To undertake various welfare and development projects/programs in mining-affected areas that complement currently-running State and Central Government projects and plans.
- Reduce or offset the negative effects of mining on the environment, human health, and socioeconomic conditions of those who live in mining districts.
- To ensure the impacted population in mining locations has long-term, sustainable means of subsistence.
About District Mineral Foundation
- DMFs are statutory authorities that a State Government sets up in districts affected by mining.
- The Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Amendment Act of 2015 established DMFs.
- They are non-profit trusts to work for the interest and benefit of persons and areas affected by mining-related operations.
- As required by the law, a DMF’s main objective is to promote the welfare of those communities and persons who have been adversely affected by mining.
- The State Government is of the opinion that poor locals, including tribal members, have a right to profit from the exploitation of natural resources nearby.