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Focus: GS-III Disaster Management, GS-II International Organisations

Why in news?

The President of India flagged off nine trucks of Indian Red Cross Society (IRCS) relief supplies for flood affected people.


  • These relief supplies for the flood affected people of Assam, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh shall be carried from Delhi to the concerned states by train and will be received by the state Red Cross branches of respective states.
  • The relief material included items such as tarpaulins, tents, dresses etc., and in addition, COVID-19 protection items such as surgical masks, PPE kits, gloves and face shields are also present.
  • These items are meant to safeguard and protect health workers associated with IRCS medical services in these states as well as the volunteers of IRCS who are at the forefront of flood relief and rehabilitation efforts.

Indian Red Cross Society (IRCS)

  • The Indian Red Cross Society (IRCS) is a voluntary humanitarian organization to protect human life and health based in India.
  • It is part of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, and so shares the Fundamental Principles of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement.
  • The society’s mission is providing relief in times of disasters/emergencies and promoting health & care of vulnerable people and communities.
  • The President of India is the President of the IRCS.
  • The Minister of Health and Family Welfare is the Chairman of the Society.
  • The Chairman and 6 members of the managing body are nominated by the President.
  • The remaining 12 are elected by the state and union territory branches through an electoral college.

International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement

  • The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is an international humanitarian movement with approximately 97 million volunteers, members and staff worldwide
  • It was founded to protect human life and health, to ensure respect for all human beings, and to prevent and alleviate human suffering.

The movement consists of several distinct organizations that are legally independent from each other:

  1. The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is a private humanitarian institution founded is 1860s. Its 25-member committee has a unique authority under international humanitarian law to protect the life and dignity of the victims of international and internal armed conflicts.
  2. The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) coordinates activities between the 190 National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies within the Movement.
  3. National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies exist in nearly every country in the world like the Indian Red Cross Society (IRCS). Currently 190 National Societies are recognized by the ICRC and admitted as full members of the Federation.
December 2023