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SEBI redefines ‘Pledge’ to Protect Client Securities

Why in news?

The decision by SEBI to Tweak the manner in which ‘pledge’ is defined in regulatory laws, was approved by the board of the capital markets regulator on 17th February 2020.


  • A minor tweak in the manner ‘pledge’ is defined in the regulatory laws is expected to go a long way in minimising instances where stock brokers misuse client securities by pledging such shares for their own benefit in terms of meeting their margin requirements.
  • The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has amended the SEBI (Depositories and Participants) Regulations by including an additional explanation that states that ‘pledge’ would also refer to ‘re-pledge of securities for margin or settlement obligations.’
  • This assumes significance as the recent past has seen few instances of brokers pledging client securities to raise funds from banks and non-banking finance companies (NBFCs).
September 2023