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State Food Safety Index

Context:

Recently, the union Health Minister released the fifth State Food Safety Index in New Delhi.

Relevance:

GS-II: Social Justice (Issues related to Health, Government Policies and Interventions)

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. About the State Food Safety Index (SFSI)
  2. Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI)
  3. State and Union Territory Rankings in 2022-23 Report:

About the State Food Safety Index (SFSI)

  • The index is developed by FSSAI (Food Safety and Standards Authority of India) to measure the performance of states on five significant parameters of Food Safety.
  • The parameters include Human Resources and Institutional Data, Compliance, Food Testing – Infrastructure and Surveillance, Training & Capacity Building and Consumer Empowerment.
  • The Index is a dynamic quantitative and qualitative benchmarking model that provides an objective framework for evaluating food safety across all States/UTs.
  • The first State Food Safety Index for the year 2018-19 was announced on the first-ever World Food Safety Day on 7th June 2019.

Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI)

  • FSSAI is an autonomous body established under the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India.
  • The FSSAI has been established under the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 which is a consolidating statute related to food safety and regulation in India.
  • Hence, FSSAI is a Statutory Body.
  • FSSAI is responsible for protecting and promoting public health through the regulation and supervision of food safety.
  • The main aim of FSSAI is to
    • Lay down science-based standards for articles of food
    • To regulate manufacture, storage, distribution, import and sale of food
    • To facilitate safety of food
  • Standards framed by FSSAI are prescribed under:
    • Food Safety and Standards (Food Product Standards and Food Additives) Regulation, 2011,
    • Food Safety and Standards (Packaging and Labelling) Regulation, 2011
    • Food Safety and Standards (Contaminants, Toxins, and Residues) Regulations, 2011.

State and Union Territory Rankings in 2022-23 Report:

Large State Category:

  • Kerala secured the top rank among the large states.
  • Punjab and Tamil Nadu followed as the second and third top-ranking states in this category.

Small States Category:

  • Goa attained the highest rank among the small states.
  • Manipur and Sikkim were the second and third top-ranking states in the small states category.

Union Territories Category:

  • Jammu and Kashmir, Chandigarh, and Delhi were the top-ranking Union Territories.

-Source: The Hindu, PIB


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