Focus: GS-III Environment and Ecology
Why in news?
- In a relief to automobile dealers, the Supreme Court on 27th March extended the March 31, 2020 deadline for the sale and registration of BS-IV emission norm-compliant vehicles because of the “extraordinary” situation arising out of the 21-day COVID-19 lockdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
- The court said the first category of vehicles could be registered after the lockdown was withdrawn.
- As for the unsold vehicles, dealers could sell 10% of the stock after the lockdown was lifted.
- However, dealers in Delhi-NCR have been denied the relief owing to the high levels of the pollution in the national capital.
- The FADA had filed the application for an extension of the deadline.
Federation of Automobile Dealers Associations (FADA)
- The Federation of Automobile Dealers Associations (FADA) is an apex national body representing automobile dealers of India.
- It was founded in 1964 by four regional Auto Trade associations to protect and promote the Indian retail automobile market.
- It is now a registered body under the Companies Act 1956.
Bharat stage emission standards (BSES)
- Bharat stage emission standards (BSES) are emission standards instituted by the Government of India to regulate the output of air pollutants from compression ignition engines and Spark-ignition engines equipment, including motor vehicles.
- The standards and the timeline for implementation are set by the Central Pollution Control Board under the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC).
- The standards, based on European regulations were first introduced in 2000. Progressively stringent norms have been rolled out since then. All new vehicles manufactured after the implementation of the norms have to be compliant with the regulations.
More about BS norms
- The abbreviation of ‘BS’ is Bharat Stage and is suffixed with the iteration of the actual emission norms.
- The Indian emissions standards area unit supported the lines of European norms unremarkably called monetary unit a pair of, EURO 3, and so on.
- The primary rules with the soubriquet Asian nation 2000 were introduced in 2000, with the second and third iteration introduced in 2001 and 2005 with the soubriquet BSII (BS2) and BSIII (BS3), severally.
- Both BSIV and BSVI area unit emission norms that set the most permissible levels for pollutants emitting from a automotive or a two-wheeler exhaust.
- Compared to the BS4, BS6 emission standards area unit stricter, whereas makers use this variation to update their vehicles with new options and safety standards, the largest or the numerous modification comes within the type of stricter permissible emission norms.