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Syphilis: A Sexually Transmitted Infection

Context:

A cluster of cases of ocular syphilis has been recently reported in Michigan, US.

Relevance:

GS II: Health

Syphilis: A Sexually Transmitted Infection

Cause and Duration:
  • Syphilis is a Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) caused by the bacteria Treponema pallidum.
  • The infection can remain latent in the body for years without symptoms and may become active again.
Transmission:
  • It spreads through direct contact with sores on the genitals, rectum, or mouth.
  • Transmission can also occur from a mother to a baby during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding.
Symptoms:
  • Syphilis progresses through stages, often with painless symptoms.
  • The first stage involves painless sores on genital, rectal, or oral areas.
  • The second stage may include a rash, flu-like symptoms, fatigue, fever, sore throat, and muscle aches.
  • After the second stage, symptoms may become latent, hiding the infection.
Complications and Risks:
  • If untreated, syphilis can cause severe damage to the heart, brain, and other organs, becoming life-threatening.
Treatment:
  • Syphilis is curable with prompt diagnosis and appropriate antibiotics. Early treatment is crucial for effective resolution.

-Source: The Print


 

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