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The “dharma” and “rita” depict a central idea of ancient Vedic civilization of India, In this context, consider the following statements:

The “dharma” and “rita” depict a central idea of ancient Vedic civilization of India, In this context, consider the following statements:

1. Dharma was a conception of obligations and of the discharge of one’s duties to oneself and to others.

2. Rita was the fundamental moral law governing the functioning of the universe and all it contained.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?(2011)

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C

Dharma and Rita in the Vedic period appear as early as the Rig Veda.

Dharma (personal actions) signifies cosmic ordinance, often in connection with the sense of natural law. 

Rita (impersonal law) refers to universal harmony in which all things in the world have a proper function and place.


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