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Vijay Diwas: Commemorating Triumph and Sacrifice

Context:

Leaders across the political lines paid tribute to the soldiers who fought in the 1971 war, on the occasion of 52nd Vijay Diwas recently.

Relevance:

GS I: History

Vijay Diwas: Commemorating Triumph and Sacrifice

  • Date of Commemoration: December 16 every year.
  • Objective:
    • Honor the victory of the Indian armed forces in the 1971 war against Pakistan.
    • Pay tribute to the soldiers who sacrificed their lives for the country.
  • International Observance:
    • Also observed in Bangladesh as ‘Bijoy Dibos’ or Victory Day.
    • Marks Bangladesh’s formal independence from Pakistan.
Historical Context:
  • The 1971 war initiated due to the genocide by the Pakistani military regime in East Pakistan.
  • Conflict arose after the Awami League’s victory in the 1970 elections.
  • Pakistani military used force to influence results, leading to mass exodus from East Pakistan.
  • India intervened and provided refuge to those fleeing.
Key Events:
  • December 3, 1971: Pakistan launched air strikes on Indian airbases.
    • Indira Gandhi instructed a full-scale war against Pakistan.
    • ‘Operation Trident’ targeted Karachi Port, executed by the Indian Navy.
  • December 16, 1971: India achieved a decisive triumph, leading to the creation of Bangladesh.
    • General Amir Abdullah Khan Niazi of Pakistan signed the Instrument of Surrender, marking a significant military surrender.
Outcome:
  • Creation of Bangladesh from former East Pakistan.

Significance:

  • Marks one of the most substantial military surrenders post-World War II.
  • Honors the courage and sacrifice of soldiers during the conflict.

-Source: Indian Express


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