Which of the following led to the introduction of English Education in India?
- Charter Act of 1813
- General Committee of Public Instruction
- Orientalist and Anglicist Controversy
Select the correct answer using the code given below:(2018)
a) 1 and 2 only
b) 2 only
c) 1 and 3 only
d) 1, 2 and 3
The Charter Act of 1813 is regarded as the foundation stone of English Education System in India.
In 1823, the Governor-General-in Council appointed a “General Committee of Public Instruction”, which had the responsibility to grant the one lakh of rupees for education. That committee consisted of 10 European members of which Lord Macaulay was the president. The committee decided to spend major portions from the grant for the improvement of oriental literature.
As a president of General Committee of Public Instruction, Lord Macaulay wrote a minute on 2nd February 1835, where he made the conclusion regarding the controversy. Lord Macaulay stressed the implementation of the English language as a medium of instruction through his minute. According to him, English was the best medium of instruction.