With reference to the history of India, :Ulgulan: or the Great Tumult is the description of which of the following events?(2020)
a) The Revolt of 1857
b) The Mappila rebellion of 1921
c) The Indigo revolt of 1859 – 60
d) Birsa Munda:s revolt of 1899-1900
The Great Tumult or Ulgulan was a movement started by Birsa Munda against the exploitation and discrimination against tribals by the local authorities. Although the movement failed, it did result in the Chotanagpur Tenancy Act which forbade tribal lands passing to non-tribals, protecting their land rights for the foreseeable future.