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With reference to the history of Indian rock-cut architecture, consider the following statements:

With reference to the history of Indian rock-cut architecture, consider the following statements:

1. The caves at Badami are the oldest surviving rock-cut caves in India.

2. The Barabar rock-cut caves were originally made for Ajivikas by Emperor Chandragupta Maurya.

3. At Ellora, caves were made for different faiths.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?(2013)

a) 1 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 3 only

d) 1, 2 and 3

Answer: C

The Barabar Hill Caves are the oldest surviving rock-cut caves in India, dating from the Maurya Empire (322–185 BCE), some with Ashokan inscriptions, located in the Makhdumpur region of Jehanabad district, Bihar, India, 24 km (15 mi) north of Gaya.

Ellora is a group of 34 caves – 17 Brahmanical, 12 Buddhist and 5 Jain.


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