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With reference to the history of philosophical thought in India, consider the following statements regarding Sankhya school:

With reference to the history of philosophical thought in India, consider the following statements regarding Sankhya school:

1. Sankhya does not accept the theory of rebirth or transmigration of soul.

2. Sankhya holds that it is the self-knowledge that leads to liberation and not any exterior influence or agent.

Which of the statements given above is /are correct?(2013)

a)1 only

b)2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer B

  • Samkhya is the oldest of the orthodox philosophical systems, and it postulates that everything in reality stems from purusha (self, soul or mind) and prakriti (matter, creative agency, energy).
  • Purush cannot be modified or changed while prakriti brings change in all objects.
  •  Sankhya does accept the theory of rebirth or transmigration of soul

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