Wolbachia method’ is sometimes talked about with reference to which one of the following?
(a) Controlling the viral diseases spread by mosquitoes
(b) Converting crop residues into packing material
(c) Producing biodegradable plastics
(d) Producing biochar from thermo- chemical conversion of biomass
The correct answer is (a). Wolbachia is a bacterium that can be used to control the spread of viral diseases by mosquitoes. Wolbachia-infected mosquitoes are unable to transmit viruses to humans, which can help to prevent the spread of diseases such as dengue, Zika, and chikungunya.
Wolbachia can be introduced into mosquito populations through a variety of methods, including releasing Wolbachia-infected mosquitoes into the wild, or by breeding Wolbachia-infected mosquitoes with wild mosquitoes.
Wolbachia is a promising method for controlling the spread of mosquito-borne diseases, and it is currently being used in a number of countries around the world.