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WORLD HERITAGE LIST FOR THE YEAR 2020

Focus: GS-I Art and Culture, Prelims

Why in news?

  • Government of India has submitted two nomination dossiers namely ‘Dholavira: A Harappan City’ and ‘Monuments and Forts of Deccan Sultanate’ for inclusion in the World Heritage List for the year 2020.
  • Govt. of Madhya Pradesh has submitted the proposal of ‘Group of Monuments at Mandu’ in the year 2019.

World Heritage Sites

  • A World Heritage Site is a landmark or area, selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) for having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, which is legally protected by international treaties.
  • The sites are judged to be important for the collective and preservative interests of humanity.
  • To be selected, a World Heritage Site must be an already-classified landmark, unique in some respect as a geographically and historically identifiable place having special cultural or physical significance (such as an ancient ruin or historical structure, building, city, complex, desert, forest, island, lake, monument, mountain, or wilderness area).
  • It may signify a remarkable accomplishment of humanity, and serve as evidence of our intellectual history on the planet.
  • The sites are intended for practical conservation for posterity, which otherwise would be subject to risk from human or animal trespassing, unmonitored/uncontrolled/unrestricted access, or threat from local administrative negligence. Sites are demarcated by UNESCO as protected zones.
  • The list is maintained by the international World Heritage Program administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 “states parties” that are elected by their General Assembly.

List of World heritage Sites in India:

  1. Agra Fort
  2. Ajanta Caves
  3. Ellora Caves
  4. Taj Mahal
  5. Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram
  6. Sun Temple, Konârak
  7. Kaziranga National Park
  8. Keoladeo National Park
  9. Manas Wildlife Sanctuary
  10. Churches and Convents of Goa
  11. Fatehpur Sikri
  12. Group of Monuments at Hampi
  13. Khajuraho Group of Monuments
  14. Elephanta Caves
  15. Great Living Chola Temples 13
  16. Group of Monuments at Pattadakal
  17. Sundarbans National Park
  18. Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks
  19. Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi
  20. Humayun’s Tomb, Delhi
  21. Qutb Minar and its Monuments, Delhi
  22. Mountain Railways of India
  23. Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya
  24. Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka
  25. Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park
  26. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus)
  27. Red Fort Complex
  28. The Jantar Mantar, Jaipur
  29. Western Ghats
  30. Hill Forts of Rajasthan
  31. Great Himalayan National Park Conservation Area
  32. Rani-ki-Vav (the Queen’s Stepwell) at Patan, Gujarat
  33. Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara at Nalanda, Bihar
  34. Khangchendzonga National Park
  35. The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement *
  36. Historic City of Ahmadabad
  37. Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensembles of Mumbai
  38. Jaipur City, Rajasthan
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June 2022
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