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1ST CASE OF COVID INFLAMMATORY SYNDROME IN TN

Why in news?

  • An eight-year-old boy from Chennai has become India’s first case of acute illness because of hyper-inflammatory syndrome associated with the coronavirus disease.
  • This syndrome describes inflammation in the entire body, including vital organs, which leads to multiorgan failure and shock.
  • There have also been reports of similar cases from the U.S. and in London.
  • Available data says the disease is generally milder in children and adolescents compared with adults.
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) has created a working group of experts from all over the world to begin investigating cases to establish evidence on whether Covid-19 can lead to multiorgan failure also in this age group.

Multisystem inflammatory syndrome

  • Reports from Europe and North America have described clusters of children and adolescents with a multisystem inflammatory condition with some features similar to those of Kawasaki disease and toxic shock syndrome.
  • Case reports and small series have described a presentation of acute illness accompanied by a hyperinflammatory syndrome, leading to multiorgan failure and shock.
  • Initial hypotheses are that this syndrome may be related to COVID-19 based on initial laboratory testing showing positive serology in a majority of patients.
  • Children have been treated with anti-inflammatory treatment, including parenteral immunoglobulin and steroids.

-Source: Hindustan Times

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September 2022
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