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Current Affairs for UPSC IAS Exam – 3 January 2020

Contents:

  1. India records less than 100 tiger deaths for the first time in three years
  2. NCLAT
  3. India-Nepal To Hold Talks Over Kalapani
  4. Ekashila Nagara (Orugallu)

INDIA RECORDS LESS THAN 100 TIGER DEATHS FOR THE FIRST TIME IN THREE YEARS

Why in News?

For the first time in the past three years, the number of tiger deaths in a year in the country has been less than 100:  Ministry of Forest Environment and Climate Change (MoEFCC)

More about NTCA

The Wildlife Protection Act of 1972 was amended in 2006 to provide for constituting the National Tiger Conservation Authority. It is  responsible for implementation of the Project Tiger plan to protect endangered tigers. The National Tiger Conservation Authority is set up under the Chairmanship of the Minister for Environment and Forests. The Authority will have eight experts or professionals having qualifications and experience in wildlife conservation and welfare of people including tribal, apart from three Members of Parliament of whom two will be elected by the House of the People and one by the Council of States. The Inspector General of Forests, in charge of project Tiger, will be ex-officio Member Secretary.

Tiger cubs at the Tadoba 
Andhari Reserve near 
Nagpur. • K.R. DEEPAK 
The lost 
• Seizure* • Confirmed 
A new low 125 
big cats . 
Only 95 tiger 
deaths were 
75 
recorded in 
Madhya Pradesh 
2019, lowest 
recorded 31 tiger 
in the last 25 
deaths in 2019 
three years O 
— the highest in 
2017 
2018 
2019 
the country, data 
presumed dead on the basis Of the body parts seized 
from the Ministry 
State-wise split of deaths in 2019 
of Forest, 
Environment and 
Climate Change 
shows. A look 
at the year-wise 
trend, location 
and reason for 
the deaths 
M.P.31 Maharashtra 18 
Uttarakhand 10 
Karnataka 12 
Reasons for deaths in 2019 
Others 24 
Poaching 22 Natural causes 17 Unknown 56

NCLAT

The National Company Law Appellate Tribunal (NCLAT) is a tribunal which was formed by the Central Government of India under Section 410 of the Companies Act, 2013. The tribunal is responsible for hearing appeals from the orders of National Company Law Tribunal(s) (NCLT), starting on 1 June, 2016.

The tribunal also hears appeals from orders issued by the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India under Section 202 and Section 211 of IBC. It also hears appeals from any direction issued, decision made, or order passed by the Competition Commission of India


INDIA-NEPAL TO HOLD TALKS OVER KALAPANI

Kalapani Region of the Uttarakhand is the bone of contention between India and Nepal. India has recently released its new political map– released by Survey of India

Image result for kalapani territory

About Survey of India

The Survey of India is India’s central engineering agency in charge of mapping and surveying.

  • It is under ministry of Science and Technology and headquartered at Dehradun.
  • It was established in 1767

EKASHILA NAGARA (ORUGALLU)

  • Considered City of a Single Stone, the Kakatiya Heritage of Warangal
  • However, the city was not built from a “single stone” [as was, for example, the monolithic Ellora temple]; rather it was built around a single massive outcrop of rock that rose prominently from the surrounding plains.
  • Sanskrit Ekashila Nagara– Telugu name Orugallu

The torana is found not only in Hindu, Buddhist and Jain sites in India but variations exist in Southeast Asia and even Japan. Torana is the etymological root for words such as “door” and the German “tor”, but the Warangal torana – which means “bird perch” – takes the word more literally, with two charming birds roosting on either end.

  • The admirable state of its preservation is ascribed to the absence of religious imagery, which is probably why some other monuments in this region were also spared by Muslim invaders.

Svayambusiva Temple

  • 4 toranas
  • Kakatiya’s deity
  • Instead of the usual east-facing entrance, it appeared open to all four cardinal points, based on the Sarvatobhadra plan, “auspicious on all sides.”
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