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About Rustom-2


The indigenous medium altitude long endurance (MALE) unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) Rustom-2 developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation is expected to complete all user trials by August 2023.


GS III: Science and Technology

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. About Rustom-2
  2. Features
  3. Significance

About Rustom-2

  • It has been designed and developed by the Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE), Bengaluru with production partners being Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd and Bharat Electronics Limited. 
  • Medium-Altitude Long-Endurance (MALE) refers to an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) that flies at an altitude window of 10,000 to 30,000 feet for extended durations of time, typically 24 to 48 hours.
  • It is also known as Tapas-BH (Tactical Airborne Platform for Aerial Surveillance-Beyond Horizon 201).
  • The UAV is actually named after Rustom Damania, a former professor at the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bengaluru. 


  • It is being developed to carry out surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) roles and is capable of carrying different combinations of advanced payload and capable of auto-landing among others.
  • It is being designed to acquire real-time, high-quality pictures and signal intelligence from fields of concern at medium to long ranges.
  • It technologically matches contemporary UAVs available and will also be cheaper than the imported ones.


  • High endurance UAVs are a priority requirement for the armed forces especially in the standoff with China in Eastern Ladakh. 
    • The armed forces rely heavily on the Israeli Searcher and Heron drones and need more such UAVs.

-Source: The Hindu

March 2024