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About the Arab League

Context:

The Arab League recently called for UN peacekeeping forces in the Palestinian territories during a summit in Bahrain’s Manama.

Relevance:

GS II International Relations

About the Arab League

Overview:
  • Name: Arab League, also known as the League of Arab States (LAS).
  • Region: Middle East and parts of Africa.
Formation:
  • Date: March 22, 1945.
  • Location: Cairo, Egypt.
  • Purpose: Address postwar colonial divisions and oppose the emergence of a Jewish state on Palestinian territory.
Goals:
  • Promote Arab Interests: Strengthening political, cultural, economic, and social programs among member states.
  • Dispute Resolution: Settling disputes among member states or between members and third parties.
  • Military Support: Members agreed in 1950 to provide mutual military support.
Structure:
  • Headquarters: Cairo, Egypt.
  • Official Language: Arabic.
Members:
  • Founding Members: Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, and Yemen.
  • Later Members: Libya, Sudan, Tunisia, Morocco, Kuwait, Algeria, Bahrain, Oman, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Mauritania, Somalia, the Palestine Liberation Organization, Djibouti, and Comoros.
  • Observer Status Nations: Brazil, Eritrea, India, and Venezuela.
  • Palestine: Regarded as an independent state by the League.
Council:
  • Composition: Representatives from member states, typically foreign ministers or their delegates.
  • Decision Making: Decisions are made on a majority basis, but there is no enforcement mechanism for resolutions.
  • Voting: Each member has one vote, and decisions bind only those states that vote for them.

-Source: Hindustan Times


June 2024
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