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About The National Medical Commission (NMC)

Context:

Doctors will now have to get a Unique Identification Number (UID) to be able to practice medicine in the country, as per the new regulations by the National Medical Commission (NMC).

Relevance:

GS II: Polity and Governance

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. About National Medical Commission (NMC)
  2. Functions and Responsibilities

About National Medical Commission (NMC):

  • The National Medical Commission (NMC) is a regulatory body responsible for overseeing medical education and profession in India.
  • The NMC was established in 2019 under the National Medical Commission Act, replacing the erstwhile Medical Council of India (MCI).

Composition:

  • The NMC consists of a Chairperson, members, and ex-officio members appointed by the Central Government.
  • The Chairperson and members include eminent medical professionals, academicians, and experts from various fields related to medical education and practice.

Autonomous Boards:

  • The NMC comprises autonomous boards responsible for specific areas such as undergraduate education, postgraduate education, medical assessment and rating, ethics and medical registration, and continuing professional development.
Reforms and Objectives:
  • The NMC was established to bring about significant reforms in the medical education sector, promote transparency, improve the quality of education, and ensure the availability of competent medical professionals.
  • It aims to address challenges in medical education, bridge gaps, and align education with evolving healthcare needs.

Functions and Responsibilities:

  • Regulating Medical Education: The NMC sets standards, guidelines, and regulations for undergraduate and postgraduate medical education in India.
  • Assessing Medical Institutions: It conducts inspections and assessments of medical colleges and institutions to ensure compliance with prescribed standards.
  • Granting Recognition: The NMC grants recognition to medical qualifications and degrees obtained from Indian and foreign institutions.
  • Promoting Ethical Practices: It establishes and enforces ethical standards and guidelines for medical professionals.
  • Conducting Common Entrance Examinations: The NMC conducts a common entrance examination called the National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test (NEET) for admission to undergraduate medical courses in India.
  • Oversight and Quality Assurance: The NMC monitors the quality of medical education, training, and research to maintain high standards in the healthcare sector.

-Source: The Hindu


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