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AMRIT Technology Overview

Context:

Recently, the Ministry of Jal Shakti has shed light on the progress of the Jal Jeevan Mission and the Arsenic and Metal Removal by Indian Technology (AMRIT).

Relevance:

GS III: Science and Technology

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. AMRIT Technology Overview
  2. About Jal Jeevan Mission

AMRIT Technology Overview

  • Development Source:
    • Developed by the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) – Madras.
  • Purpose:
    • Designed for the removal of arsenic and metal ions from water, addressing water quality issues.
  • Operational Mechanism:
    • Utilizes nano-scale iron oxy-hydroxide.
    • Selectively removes arsenic when water passes through it.
  • Applicability:
    • Suitable for both domestic and community-level water purification.
  • Alignment with Jal Jeevan Mission:
    • Supports the goals of the Jal Jeevan Mission, aiming to provide safe and potable tap water to rural households in India.
  • Recognition and Recommendation:
    • Recommended by the ‘Standing Committee’ of the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation.
    • Considered for addressing water and sanitation challenges.

About Jal Jeevan Mission:

Nodal: Ministry of Jal Shakti

  • Jal Jeevan Mission, a central government initiative under the Ministry of Jal Shakti, aims to ensure access of piped water for every household in India.
  • National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) was restructured and subsumed into Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) – to provide Functional Household Tap Water (FHTC) to every rural household with service level at the rate of 55 lpcd i.e., Har Ghar Nal Se Jal (HGNSJ) by 2024.

Implications 

  • Supply of water to all households is a basic necessity
  • Reduction in water borne diseases which was due to due to consumption of substandard water

Challenges

  • Critical situation of Decrease in ground water table.
  • Water demand and supply is a miss match
  • Contamination of local ground level sources of water like, ponds lakes and wells.
  • Sustaining the provision of water to all households is a challenge, not just starting it.

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