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Annual Status of Education Report (ASER)

Focus: GS II: Education

Why in News?

The ASER Report 2022 released recently revealed that almost all (98.4%) students in the age bracket of 6-14 years are now enrolled in schools.

ASER Survey:

  • A citizen-led household survey that provides estimates of the enrolment status and basic reading and arithmetic levels of children aged 3-16 at the national, state, and district level.
  • Conducted by NGO Pratham every year since 2005.
  • Reaches children in the age group of 3-16 in almost all rural districts of India.
  • Uses household rather than school-based sampling.

Highlights of ASER 2022:

  • In ASER 2022 Survey, 7 lakh candidates from 19,060 schools in 616 districts were surveyed to calculate the learning outcomes post-pandemic on school children.
  • Enrollment has gone from 97.2 per cent in 2018 to 98.4 per cent in 2022.
  • As many as 72.9 per cent of the surveyed students go to government schools.
  • In only three states, the number of girls not going to school is above 10% – Madhya Pradesh (17%), Uttar Pradesh (15%), and Chhattisgarh (11.2%).
  • Nationally, children’s basic reading ability has dropped to pre-2012 levels, reversing the slow improvement achieved in the intervening years.
  • In both government and private schools, only 20.5% students of Class 3 can read, compared to 27.3% in 2018.
  • The proportion of Class 5 students who can read has dropped to 42.8% in 2022, compared to 50.5% in 2018.

December 2023