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Focus: GS-III Science and Technology, Internal Security

Why in news?

  • The Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) chaired by Defence Minister cleared several proposals worth close to Rs 39,000 crore that will boost the combat capabilities of all three services—Army, Navy and the Air Force.
  • The most prominent of these proposals include missile systems for the three services, and additional fighter jets for the Air Force.
  • The aircraft will be bought from Russia, and also from the domestic Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL).
  • The air-to-air Astra missile, Pinaka munitions and Land Attack Cruise Missile are state of the art systems developed by DRDO. Armed forces and industry will be immensely benefitted with the manufacturing of these indigenous systems.

Pinaka missile system for the Army

  • Pinaka missile system is an all-weather, indirect fire, free flight artillery rocket system, according to the DRDO
  • It provides a unique capability to accurately deliver a devastatingly lethal and responsive fire against a variety of area targets such as exposed enemy troops, armored and soft skin vehicles, communication centers, air terminal complexes, fuel and ammunition dumps.

Astra Missiles for Navy and Air Force

  • Astra Missiles provide the Forces with Beyond Visual Range (BVR) capability.
  • The BVR class of Air-to-Air Missile (AAM) system designed to be mounted on fighter aircraft, designed to engage and destroy highly manoeuvring supersonic aircraft.
  • The ASTRA Mk-I Weapon System integrated with SU-30 Mk-I aircraft is being inducted into the Indian Air Force (IAF).
  • It can be launched in autonomous and buddy mode of operation with features for Lock-On-Before Launch (LOBL) and Lock-On After Launch (LOAL).

Development of Long-Range Land Attack Cruise Missile Systems (LRLACM) for Navy and Air Force

  • It is aimed at enhancing India’s firing range from between 400 km and 500 km of the Brahmos to 1000 km.
  • The seeker development and testing by DRDO laboratories are demonstrated and is at a high-level of readiness.

-Source: Indian Express

April 2024