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Global Report on Internal Displacement 2024

Context:

In 2023, the number of internally displaced people increased to 75.9 million, from 71.1 million in the preceding year, according to the Global Report on Internal Displacement 2024 (GRID-2024) released recently.

Relevance:

GS II: International Relations

Global Report on Internal Displacement 2024 (GRID-2024):

Overview:

  • The annual report is published by the Geneva-based Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC).
  • It documents internal displacements caused by conflict, violence, and disasters.
Highlights of GRID-2024:
  • In 2023, the global number of internally displaced people (IDP) rose to 75.9 million, up from 71.1 million the previous year.
  • Displacements: 7.7 million due to disasters (one-fourth from earthquakes) and 68.3 million due to conflict and violence.
  • Top Countries: Sudan, Syria, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Colombia, and Yemen host nearly half of the world’s IDPs.
  • Sudan has the highest number of IDPs recorded for a single country at 9.1 million.
  • New displacement mainly occurred in Sudan, the Palestinian territories, and the Democratic Republic of Congo, accounting for almost two-thirds of all new displacement.
South Asia Findings:
  • Around 5.3 million people in South Asia were internally displaced due to conflict and violence at the end of 2023, with 80% in Afghanistan.
  • Conflict and violence triggered 69,000 displacements in South Asia in 2023, with Manipur violence alone causing 67,000.
  • India experienced the highest number of displacements due to conflict and violence since 2018.
  • Internal displacements due to natural disasters in India decreased sharply in 2023 to 528,000 from 2.5 million in 2022.

-Source: The Hindu


June 2024
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