Consider the following statements:
1. India has more arable area than China.
2. The proportion of irrigated area is more in India as compared to China.
3. The average productivity per hectare in Indian agriculture is higher than that in China.
How many of the above statements are correct?
(a) Only one
(b) Only two
(c) All three
The correct answer is (a), only one.
According to the World Bank, India has 157,380,000 hectares of arable land, while China has 134,900,000 hectares. This means that India has about 17% more arable land than China.
However, the proportion of irrigated area is higher in China than in India. According to the World Bank, 45.3% of China’s arable land is irrigated, while only 34.5% of India’s arable land is irrigated.
Finally, the average productivity per hectare in Chinese agriculture is higher than in Indian agriculture. According to the World Bank, the average yield of cereal crops in China is 5.5 tonnes per hectare, while the average yield of cereal crops in India is 3.3 tonnes per hectare. Therefore, only one of the three statements is correct