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Focus: GS-II International Relations

Why in news?

  • India and China have agreed to hold another round of high-level military talks to take forward the slow-moving disengagement process along the Line of Actual Control (LAC), which remains only partially complete after four rounds of talks between Corps Commanders.
  • India has made it clear to China that it will not be business as usual until there is a complete disengagement along the Line of Actual Control (LAC), Indian envoy in Moscow has said.


Another round of talks

  • The agreement to hold another round of high-level military talks comes after a third convening of the Working Mechanism for Consultation and Coordination on India-China Border Affairs (WMCC).
  • The disengagement process along the LAC is still facing many hurdles.
  • A statement from the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) said both sides agreed it was necessary “to sincerely implement the understandings reached” at the four rounds of Corps Commander-level talks.
  • At the last round talks went on for 15 hours, but appeared unable to break the impasse.
  • Both sides have only disengaged “partially” at Hot Springs and Pangong Tso, where Chinese troops pulled back from the base of Finger 4 but moved to Finger 5, well within India’s side of the LAC at Finger 8.

How India takes it ahead?

  • India seeks to resolve these problems through dialogue and we have made it clear that we will not do business with China as usual until there is a complete disengagement of military forces along the Line of Actual Control and de-escalation in the border areas in accordance with bilateral agreements and protocols.
  • India’s engagement with China on multilateral fora like Brazil-Russia-India-China-South Africa (BRICS), Russia-India-China (RIC) and Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) are expected to continue.
  • India takes independent decisions regarding defence procurement, and there is no contradiction between further development of India’s defence relations with Russia and those with the United States.

-Source: The Hindu, Times of India

December 2023