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Focus: GS-II International Relations

Why in news?

India will hand over 10 railway locomotives to Bangladesh reflecting a renewed focus on the “neighbourhood first” policy to bolster economic ties and connectivity within the region amid the border standoff with China.


  • The handover of the broad-gauge diesel locomotives, part of grant assistance from the Indian side, is in line with a commitment by India.
  • India-Bangladesh railway cooperation is a vital element of efforts to promote trade and connectivity.
  • Both sides are working to enhance rail connectivity by developing new projects and restoring old links.
  • Currently, the four operational rail links between the two sides, all of which originate in West Bengal, are Petrapole-Benapole, Gede-Darshana, Singhabad-Rohanpur, and Radhikapur–Birol.
  • Seventeen railway projects with a commitment of about $2.5 billion were included in assistance extended by India to Bangladesh.
  • The attention given to ties with Bangladesh can be a part of efforts to overcome the impact of the Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA) on bilateral relations.

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-Source: Hindustan Times