Context:

Indian External Affairs Minister shared India’s perspectives on the peace process in the war-torn country in the 9th Heart of Asia-Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) ministerial conference held at Tajikistan.

Relevance:

GS-II: International Relations (India and its neighborhood, Foreign Policies and conferences affecting India’s interests)

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. About the Heart of Asia-Istanbul Process (HoA-IP)
  2. Intra-Afghan Negotiations (IAN)
  3. India’s Stand:

About the Heart of Asia-Istanbul Process (HoA-IP)

  • The Heart of Asia-Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) was founded in November, 2011 in Istanbul, Turkey. India is a participating country.
  • It provides a platform for sincere and results-oriented regional cooperation by placing Afghanistan at its center, in recognition of the fact that a secure and stable Afghanistan is vital to the prosperity of the Heart of Asia region.
  • This platform was established to address the shared challenges and interests of Afghanistan and its neighbors and regional partners.
  • The Heart of Asia comprises 15 participating countries, 17 supporting countries, and 12 supporting regional and international organizations.
  • It provides a platform for sincere and results-oriented regional cooperation by placing Afghanistan at its center, in recognition of the fact that a secure and stable Afghanistan is vital to the prosperity of the Heart of Asia region.
  • This platform was established to address the shared challenges and interests of Afghanistan and its neighbors and regional partners.
  • The Heart of Asia comprises 15 participating countries, 17 supporting countries, and 12 supporting regional and international organizations.
  • Since its inception the process has become a cardinal element in regional cooperation and has created a platform for Afghanistan’s near and extended neighbors, international supporters and organizations to engage in constructive dialogue and to address the existing and emerging regional challenges through regional cooperation with Afghanistan at its core.

Intra-Afghan Negotiations (IAN)

  • It refers to the talks between the Afghan government and Taliban insurgents with the goal of bringing an end to nearly two decades of a conflict that has laid waste to the country and killed tens of thousands of combatants and civilians.
  • The participants of intra-Afghan negotiations will discuss the date and modalities of a permanent and comprehensive ceasefire, including agreement over the future political roadmap of Afghanistan.
  • The negotiations will cover a variety of issues, including the rights of women, free speech, and changes to the country’s constitution.
  • The talks would also lay out the fate of tens of thousands of Taliban fighters as well as the heavily armed militias belonging to Afghanistan’s warlords who have amassed wealth and power since the Taliban were ousted from power in 2001.

India’s Stand:

  • India believes any peace process must be Afghan-led, Afghan-owned and Afghan-controlled, has to respect the national sovereignty and territorial integrity of Afghanistan and preserve the progress made in the establishment of a democratic Islamic Republic in Afghanistan.
  • The interests of minorities, women and vulnerable sections of society must be preserved and the issue of violence across the country and its neighbourhood has to be effectively addressed.

Click Here to read more about the India-Afghanistan Relations and Indian investments in Afghanistan

-Source: The Hindu

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