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Martand Sun Temple

Context:

After Prayers held at the ruins of the eighth-century Martand Sun Temple in Jammu and Kashmir’s Anantnag is deemed to be a violation of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) rules.

Relevance:

GS I- History, Facts for Prelims

About Martand Sun Temple

  • The Martand Sun Temple is a Hindu temple in the Kashmir Valley, near the city of Anantnag.
  • It was dedicated to Surya, the primary solar deity, and dated from the eighth century AD.
  • Sikandar Shah Miri demolished the temple in an attempt to convert and execute Hindus throughout the valley.
  • According to Kalhana, Lalitaditya Muktapida commissioned the Temple in the eighth century AD.
  • The temple is situated on a plateau with a panoramic view of the Kashmir Valley.
  • The visible architecture in the remains appears to be a mix of Gandharan, Gupta, and Chinese architectural styles.

-Source: Indian Express

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