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Focus: GS-III Internal Security, Science and Technology, Prelims

Why in news?

  • The Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) chaired by Defence Minister on 18th March 2020, accorded approval for the procurement of 83 indigenous Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) Tejas Mk-1A from the Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) by “finalising the contractual and other issues”.
  • The proposal will now be placed for consideration of the Cabinet Committee on Security [CCS].
  • The MoD statement said following the separation of duties between the Department of Defence (DoD) and the Department of Military Affairs (DMA) headed by the Chief of Defence Staff (CDS), the first meeting of the DAC was held with the “Acquisition Wing being the Secretariat of the DAC”.

Who is (CDS) Chief of Defence Staff?

  • CDS is a four-star general and will act as principal military adviser to defence minister on all tri services matters.
  • He will also head the department of military affairs
  • CDS was recommended by  Kargil review committee after Kargil war.
  • In 2017, intelligence and security officials had said that the absence of a CDS was hampering India’s combat capabilities

Functions of CDS

  • Procurement for defence services other than capital acquisitions.
  • Charter says that, in 3 years, jointness in operation, logistics, maintenance, communication, repairs should be effective.
  • CDS heads the department of military Affairs, and will also be the permanent chairman of the Chiefs of Staff Committee.
  • CDS will not exercise any military command including over three service chiefs.
  • Rationalization of man power in military and ensuring adequate capital investment to all the 3 forces without discrimination and bias towards his own army.

Cabinet Committee on Security

The Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) of the Central Government of India discusses, debates and is the final decision-making body on senior appointments in the national security apparatus, defence policy and expenditure, and generally all matters of India’s national security.

The CCS is chaired by the Prime Minister of India.

February 2024