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Parole and Furlough

Context:

Recently, Supreme Court of India ruled that the period of parole granted to convicts during the Covid-19 pandemic to prevent overcrowding in prisons and avoid the risk of spread of infection, cannot be counted as part of their actual sentence period.

Relevance:

Facts for Prelims

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. About Parole
  2. About Furlough
Parole:
  • A system of releasing a prisoner with suspension of the sentence.
  • Conditional release subject to behavior and reporting to authorities.
  • Given for specific reasons, such as a death in the family or wedding of a blood relative.
  • Not a right, may be denied even with a sufficient case.
  • Release is not treated as remission of sentence.
Furlough:
  • Similar to parole, but granted in cases of long-term imprisonment.
  • Period of furlough granted is treated as remission of sentence.
  • Seen as a matter of right for a prisoner, to enable them to retain family and social ties and counter the effects of prolonged imprisonment.
  • Granted periodically irrespective of any specific reason.
  • May not require reporting to authorities during the period of release.

-Source: Indian Express


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