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PIB Summaries 04 January 2024

  1. Union Cabinet Approval for India-Italy Migration and Mobility Agreement
  2. India’s MICE Promotion and Mega Events Line-up


Context:

Recently, the Union Cabinet granted ex-post facto approval to the Migration and Mobility Agreement between India and Italy.

Relevance:

GS II: International Relations

India-Italy Migration and Mobility Agreement: Key Points

Objective and Cooperation:

  • The agreement aims to enhance cooperation on issues related to irregular migration while strengthening people-to-people ties between India and Italy.

Facilitation of Mobility:

  • The agreement facilitates mobility for various segments, including students, skilled workers, businesspersons, and young professionals, promoting exchange and collaboration.

Temporary Residence for Indian Students:

  • Graduates seeking professional exposure in Italy after academic or vocational training can obtain temporary residency for up to 12 months.

Reserved Quotas for Workers:

  • The agreement outlines quotas for both non-seasonal and seasonal Indian workers. A reserved quota range is specified for the years 2023-2025 under Italy’s existing Flows Decree, which sets the maximum number of non-EU citizens allowed to enter Italy for work and self-employment.

Duration and Renewal:

  • The agreement is valid for 5 years, with automatic renewal unless terminated.

Joint Working Group (JWG):

  • A Joint Working Group (JWG) will oversee the implementation of the agreement, convening periodically to assess progress and propose supportive measures for effective execution.


Context:

The Ministry of Commerce & Industry is actively promoting India as a global MICE destination, aiming to showcase the country’s MSME sector, traditional handicrafts, artisanal offerings, weavers, and manufacturing capabilities on the international stage. Additionally, the Ministry has unveiled India’s ambitious line-up of Mega Events for the coming months, including Aatmanirbhar Bharat Utsav, Indus Food, Bharat Mobility Global Expo 2024, and Bharat Tex.

Relevance:

Facts for Prelims

MICE (Meetings, Incentives, Conferences, and Exhibitions): Key Insights

Definition and Scope:

  • MICE is a term in the tourism and events industry representing business and corporate tourism.
  • Involves organizing events, meetings, conferences, exhibitions, and incentives for companies and groups to facilitate networking, knowledge exchange, and business collaborations.

Objectives:

  • Aims to create a networking platform for business, industry, government, and the academic community, fostering meaningful conversations.

Infrastructure and Global Rankings:

  • Core MICE infrastructure in India is comparable to developed countries.
  • India’s consistent improvement in World Bank Ease of Doing Business and WEF Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Rank (54th in 2021).

India’s Progress and Global Scenario:

  • Rapid progress in areas like Information Technology and Scientific Research.
  • In the International Congress and Convention Association (ICCA) Country and City Rankings 2019, the USA, Germany, and France led in international association meetings.
  • India ranked 28th with 158 meetings in the 2019 ICCA ranking.

Challenges and Strategies:

  • Indian MICE has less than 1% share in the estimated global MICE business.
  • Strategies include the “Meet in India” brand promotion, providing infrastructure status for financing MICE infrastructure, and skill development for the MICE industry.

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