- Rani Lakshmibai
- Network Readiness Index 2022
Rani Lakshmibai Jayanti
Focus: GS I- Modern Indian history
Why in News?
PM paid tribute to Rani Lakshmibai on her Jayanti.
About Rani Lakshmibai
- The Lakshmibai, the Rani of Jhansi, was an Indian queen of the Maratha princely state of Jhansi in North India currently present in Jhansi district in Uttar Pradesh, India.
- She was one of the leading figures of the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and became a symbol of resistance to the British Raj for Indian nationalists.
- When Growing up with Nana Sahib and Tatya Tope, she got training in martial arts, sword fighting and horse riding and became proficient in them. She was more independent than other girls of her age, due to her unconventional upbringing.
- The Rani Lakshmibai was one of the brave warriors of India’s struggle for Independence.
- In 1853, when the Maharaja of Jhansi died, the East India Company took advantage of the situation and applied the Doctrine of Lapse to annex Jhansi.
- The Lakshmibai fought bravely against the British and gave a tough fight to Sir Hugh Rose so as to save her empire from annexation. She died fighting on the battlefield on June 17, 1858.
- When the Indian National Army started its first female unit (in 1943), it was named after the valiant queen of Jhansi.
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Network Readiness Index 2022
Focus: Facts for prelims
Why in News?
India climbs up six slots and now placed at 61st rank as per Network Readiness Index 2022.
About Network Readiness Index:
- The report has been prepared by the Portulans Institute, an independent non-profit, nonpartisan research and educational institute based in Washington DC.
- In its latest version of 2022, the NRI Report maps the network-based readiness landscape of 131 economies based on their performances in four different pillars: Technology, People, Governance, and Impact covering a total of 58 variables.
India’s status –
- India has not only improved its ranking, but also improved its score from 49.74 in 2021 to 51.19 in 2022.
- It is noteworthy that India leads in several indicators —
- India secured 1st rank in “AI talent concentration”
- 2nd rank in “Mobile broadband internet traffic within the country” and “International Internet bandwidth”
- 3rd rank in “Annual investment in telecommunication services” and “Domestic market size”
- 4th rank in “ICT Services exports”.
- NRI-2022 report states that India has a greater network readiness than would be expected given its income level.
- India is ranked 3rd out of 36 in the group of lower-middle-income countries after Ukraine (50) and Indonesia (59). India has a score higher than the income group average in all pillars and sub-pillars.