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PIB Summaries 25 January 2023

CONTENT

  1. National Girl Child Day
  2. Exercise TROPEX-23 – Indian Navy’s Largest War Game
  3. Exercise AMPHEX 2023

National Girl Child Day


Focus: GS II- Vulnerable sections.

Why in News?

Nation Celebrates National Girl Child Day every year on 24th of January.

About National Girl Child Day:

  • National Girl Child Day is celebrated in the country on January 24 every year
  • It was first initiated in 2008 by the Ministry of Women and Child Development.
  • Gender discrimination is a major problem that girls or women face throughout their life.
Objective:
  • To provide support and opportunities to the girls of India.
  • To support the girl child of the nation and remove gender-based biases.
  • To promote awareness about the inequalities that a girl child faces and educate people about girl’s education.
  • The main focus is on changing society’s attitude towards girls, decrease female feticide and create awareness about the decreasing sex ratio.
Aim:
  • To promote awareness about the rights of the girl child
  • To increase awareness on the importance of girl education, and their health and nutrition

Exercise TROPEX-23 – Indian Navy’s Largest War Game


Focus: Facts for Prelims

Why in News?

The 2023 edition of Indian Navy’s major maritime exercise TROPEX, is currently underway in the Indian Ocean Region.

About Exercise TROPEX-23:

  • TROPEX is conducted biennially and includes participation from Indian Navy units, Indian Army, Indian Air Force, and Coast Guard assets.
  • The exercise is being conducted over a duration of three months, from January to March.
Objective:
  • To validate and refine the Navy’s Concept of Operations, including operational logistics and interoperability with other services.
  • To test the combat readiness of the combined Fleets of the Indian Navy to operate in a multi-threat environment.
Execution:
  • All surface combatants of the Indian Navy including Destroyers, Frigates, Corvettes as well as submarines and aircraft are put through complex maritime operational deployments.
  • The exercise is being conducted in different phases, both in harbour and at sea, encompassing various facets of combat operations, including live weapon firings.
Benefits:
  • Provides an opportunity to test the combat readiness of the combined Fleets of the Indian Navy to operate in a multi-threat environment.
  • Facilitates operational level interaction with the Indian Army, Indian Air Force, and the Coast Guard, which will further strengthen interoperability and joint operations in a complex environment.

Exercise AMPHEX 2023


Focus: Facts for Prelims

Why in News?

Recently, Tri-services Amphibious Exercise, AMPHEX 2023 Concluded.

About Exercise AMPHEX 2023

  • The biennial Tri-Services Amphibious Exercise, AMPHEX 2023 was conducted at Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh from 17 to 22 January 2023.
  • AMPHEX 23 is the first time that the exercise was undertaken at Kakinada, and was the largest ever AMPHEX conducted till date.
Objective:
  • Joint training of elements of all three services in various facets of amphibious operations to enhance interoperability and synergy.
Execution:
  • The participating forces undertook complex exercises in all domains of amphibious operations over five days.
  • The exercise culminated in a successful Amphibious Assault which was reviewed by Vice Adm Sanjay Vatsayan, AVSM, NM, Chief of Staff, Eastern Naval Command, in the presence of Force Commanders of the Indian Navy and Indian Army.
  • The exercise witnessed the participation of a number of amphibious ships consisting of Large Platform Dock (LPD), Landing Ships and Landing Crafts, Marine Commandos (MARCOS), helicopters and aircraft from the Indian Navy. Indian Army participated in the exercise with over 900 troops which included Special Forces, Artillery and Armoured vehicles. Jaguar fighters and C 130 aircraft from the IAF also participated in the exercise.
Benefits:
  • Successfully demonstrated the amphibious capabilities and validated the excellent coordination that exists between the three Services to undertake the full spectrum of amphibious operations.

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