Ramgarh Vishdhari Wildlife Sanctuary is now notified as a tiger reserve after a nod by the Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC).
GS III- Environment and Ecology
Dimensions of the Article:
- About Ramgarh Vishdhari TR
- About the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA)
- Project Tiger
- Project Tiger Reserves of India
About Ramgarh Vishdhari TR
- Ramgarh Vishdhari Wildlife Sanctuary acts like a buffer for Ranthambore National Park, one of the most famous wildlife sanctuaries in India.
- It is located almost 45 kilometers on Bundi-Nainwa Road and covers an area of 252 square kilometers approx.
- It is rich in biodiversity & is home to various kinds of wild animals like Indian Wolf, Leopard, Striped Hyena, Sloth Bear, Golden Jackal, Chinkara, Nilgai & Fox.
- Its flora consists of Dhok, Khair, Salar, Khirni trees with some Mango and Ber trees.
- It is now India’s 52nd tiger reserve and Rajasthan’s fourth, after Ranthambore, Sariska and Mukundra.
- Though the tiger population in Ramgarh itself was not high, it plays an important role in connecting the Ranthambore and Mukundra Tiger Reserves of Rajasthan.
About the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA)
- The National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) was established in December 2005 following a recommendation of the Tiger Task Force, constituted by the Prime Minister of India for reorganised management of Project Tiger and the many Tiger Reserves in India.
- The Wildlife Protection Act of 1972 was amended in 2006 to provide for constituting the National Tiger Conservation Authority responsible for implementation of the Project Tiger plan to protect endangered tigers.
- The National Tiger Conservation Authority is set up under the Chairmanship of the Minister for Environment and Forests.
- The Authority will have eight experts or professionals having qualifications and experience in wildlife conservation and welfare of people including tribals, apart from three Members of Parliament of whom two will be elected by the House of the People and one by the Council of States.
- The Authority, interalia, would lay down normative standards, guidelines for tiger conservation in the Tiger Reserves, apart from National Parks and Sanctuaries.
- It would provide information on protection measures including future conservation plan, tiger estimation, disease surveillance, mortality survey, patrolling, report on untoward happenings and such other management aspects as it may deem fit, including future plan for conservation.
- The Authority would also facilitate and support tiger reserve management in the States through eco-development and people’s participation as per approved management plans, and support similar initiatives in adjoining areas consistent with the Central and state laws.
- The Tiger Conservation Authority would be required to prepare an Annual Report, which would be laid in the Parliament along with the Audit Report.
- Every 4 years the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) conducts a tiger census across India.
- Project Tiger is a tiger conservation programme launched in April 1973 by the Government of India.
- The project aims at ensuring a viable population of Bengal tigers in their natural habitats, protecting them from extinction, and preserving areas of biological importance as a natural heritage forever represented as close as possible the diversity of ecosystems across the distribution of tigers in the country.
- The project’s task force visualized these tiger reserves as breeding nuclei, from which surplus animals would migrate to adjacent forests. Funds and commitment were mastered to support the intensive program of habitat protection and rehabilitation under the project.
- The government has set up a Tiger Protection Force to combat poachers and funded relocation of villagers to minimize human-tiger conflicts.
Project Tiger Reserves of India
The Project Tiger Reserves of India is administered by the National Tiger Conservation Authority.
|Project Tiger Reserves||Located State|
|Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Kawal||Andhra Pradesh|
|Namdapha Pakhui/Pakke||Arunachal Pradesh|
|Kaziranga Manas Nameri||Assam|
|Achanakmar Indravati Udanti and Sitanadi||Chhattisgarh|
|Bandipur Bhadra Dandeli-Anshi Nagarhole B.R Hills||Karnataka|
|Bandhavgarh Kanha Panna Pench Sanjay Dubri Satpura||Madhya Pradesh|
|Melghat Pench ShahyadriTabola-Andhari||Maharashtra|
|Mukunda Hills Sariska Ranthambore||Rajasthan|
|Annamalai Kalakad-Mundathurai Mudumalai Sathyamangalam||Tamil Nadu|
|Katerniaghat Extension Dudhwa||Uttar Pradesh|
|Buxa Sunderban||West Bengal|
-Source: Down to Earth