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Sariska Tiger Reserve

Focus – GS-III, Environment

Context

Massive fire has broken out in the Sariska Tiger Reserve and Air Force helicopters equipped with water sprays are battling to bring it under control.

Sariska Tiger Reserve

  • Sariska Tiger Reserve is a tiger reserve in Alwar district, Rajasthan.
  • It stretches over an area of 881 sq km comprising scrub-thorn arid forests, dry deciduous forests, grasslands, and rocky hills.
  • This area was a hunting preserve of the Alwar state and was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1958.
  • It was given the status of a tiger reserve making it a part of India’s Project Tiger in 1978.
  • It is the first reserve in the world with successfully relocated tigers.
  • It is a part of the Aravalli Range and the Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests eco-region.

Threats

  • It is rich in mineral resources, such as copper.
  • In spite of the Supreme Court’s 1991 ban on mining in the area, marble mining continues to threaten the environment.

Source – The Hindu

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