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SOLID PROOF NOT MUST FOR ESTABLISHING CITIZENSHIP

Why in news?

Proof beyond all reasonable doubts is not required in a Foreigners Tribunal (FT) for establishing one’s citizenship, the Gauhati High Court has observed.

The Gauhati High Court observed that strict rules of evidence were not applicable to the tribunals “established for quick disposal of the matters sent to it”.

What is a tribunal?

  • Tribunal is a quasi-judicial institution that is set up to deal with problems such as resolving administrative or tax-related disputes. It performs a number of functions like adjudicating disputes, determining rights between contesting parties, making an administrative decision, reviewing an existing administrative decision and so forth.
  • A Tribunal, generally, is any person or institution having an authority to judge, adjudicate on, or to determine claims or disputes – whether or not it is called a tribunal in its title.
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Court 
Metropolitan Irvel 
Civil: City Civil Court & Courts of small causes. 
Criminal: Sessions Court, Metropolitan and 
Magistrate's court 
District Level 
Civil District Court, Civil judge LSenior division 
and junior divisionl 
Criminal : Sessions court and judicial magistrate 
High 
Court 
Tribunals 
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Tribunal, Motor Accident Claims Tribunal, Co- 
operatives Tribunal, Rent Control Tribunal, 
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