“Souls are not only the property of animal and plant life, but also of rocks, running water and many other natural objects not looked on as living by other religious sects.”
The above statement reflects one of the core beliefs of which one of the following religious sects of ancient India?
The statement reflects one of the core beliefs of Jainism, an ancient religious sect in India. Jainism teaches the concept of nonviolence and the belief in the equality of all living beings, including not just animals and plants but also inanimate objects such as rocks, running water, and other natural entities. According to Jain philosophy, all living beings, regardless of their form or nature, possess a soul or consciousness (known as jiva) and are interconnected.
Jainism places a strong emphasis on the principle of ahimsa (nonviolence) and advocates for the protection and respect of all forms of life, including the smallest microorganisms. This inclusive view of souls and their presence in various aspects of nature is a distinguishing feature of Jainism and sets it apart from other religious sects.
Therefore, the correct answer is (b) Jainism.