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Thirty Meter Telescope (TMT)

Context:

Recently, an official delegation from the Department of Science and Technology visited Mauna Kea to discuss “challenges” to the Thirty Meter Telescope (TMT) project.

Relevance:

GS III: Science and Technology

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Thirty Meter Telescope (TMT)
  2. Indian Contribution

Thirty Meter Telescope (TMT):

Objective:

  • A 30-meter diameter primary-mirror optical and infrared telescope for deep space observations.

Collaboration:

  • Joint effort involving institutions from the U.S., Japan, China, Canada, and India.

Capabilities:

  • World’s most advanced ground-based optical, near-infrared, and mid-infrared observatory.
  • Incorporates innovations in precision control, segmented mirror design, and adaptive optics.

Segmented Mirror:

  • Core component with 492 individual segments.
  • When aligned, forms a single reflective surface of 30m diameter.

Location:

  • Mauna Kea, an inactive volcano on the island of Hawai’i, USA.

Indian Contribution:

Expected Contribution:

  • India poised to be a major contributor.
  • Contribution includes hardware (segment support assemblies, actuators, edge sensors, segment polishing, and coating), instrumentation (first light instruments), and software (observatory software and telescope control systems).

Monetary Value:

  • Indian contribution valued at $200 million.

Consortium Leadership:

  • Indian Institute of Astrophysics (IIAP) leads the consortium of Indian institutions involved in the TMT project.

Funding:

  • Joint funding by the Departments of Science and Technology and Atomic Energy in India.

-Source: Indian Express


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