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Ukraine Peace Formula

Context:

Recently, the Prime Minister of India spoke to the Ukrainian President to discuss India’s ongoing G-20 Presidency, and Ukraine’s “10-point Peace Plan”.

Relevance:

GS II: International Relations

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Ukraine’s 10-Point Peace Plan
  2. Global Reaction to the Peace Formula

Ukraine’s 10-Point Peace Plan

  1. Radiation and nuclear safety, focusing on restoring safety around Europe’s largest nuclear power plant, Zaporizhzhia in Ukraine, which is now-Russian occupied.
  2. Food security, including protecting and ensuring Ukraine’s grain exports to the world’s poorest nations.
  3. Energy security, with focus on price restrictions on Russian energy resources, as well as aiding Ukraine with restoring its power infrastructure, half of which has been damaged by Russian attacks.
  4. Release of all prisoners and deportees, including war prisoners and children deported to Russia.
  5. Restoring Ukraine’s territorial integrity and Russia reaffirming it according to the United Nations Charter.
  6. Withdrawal of Russian troops and cessation of hostilities, restoration of Ukraine’s state borders with Russia.
  7. Justice, including the establishment of a special tribunal to prosecute Russian war crimes.
  8. Protection of environment with focus on demining and restoring water treatment facilities.
  9. Prevention of escalation of conflict, and building security architecture in the Euro-Atlantic space, including guarantees for Ukraine.
  10. Confirmation of the war’s end, including a document signed by the involved parties.

Global Reaction to the Peace Formula

  • Russia rejected Ukraine’s peace proposal and reaffirmed that it would not cede any of the area it had seized by coercion, which amounts to around a fifth of Ukraine.
  • With Washington at the helm, the Western world has poured billions of dollars into Ukraine’s military assistance, and nations have hastened to assist Kyiv with demining and repairing its power infrastructure.
  • However, reactions to Ukraine’s proposed peace meeting and peace plan have been more cautious.
  • According to the G7 leaders, establishing peace in Ukraine “in accordance with its rights enshrined in the U.N. Charter” was a priority.

-Source: The Hindu


February 2023
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