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Which of the following statements correctly explain the impact of the Industrial Revolution on India during the first half of the nineteenth century?

Which of the following statements correctly explain the impact of the Industrial Revolution on India during the first half of the nineteenth century?(2020)

a) Indian handicrafts were ruined.

b) Machines were introduced in the Indian textile industry in large numbers.

c) Railway lines were laid in many parts of the country.

d) Heavy duties were imposed on the imports of British manufactures.

Answer: A

  • The Industrial Revolution brought severe consequences to Indian society. One of the most important consequences of British Rule was the decline and destruction of urban and rural handicraft industries.
  • The discovery of steam power and its practice from the year 1815 created a threat to the Indian textile industry. The inventions of the spinning mule and power loom became more efficient and effective because of steam power. Consequently, it had greatly reduced the cost of British textile and made it internationally competitive.

March 2024
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