Why in News?

Pneumococcal vaccine developed by the Pune-based Serum Institute of India has been pre-qualified by the World Health Organisation (WHO) in the third week of December 2019.

This Vaccine costs only 2$ per dose, 30% lesser than Gavi.

Serum Institute had optimised an efficient conjugate vaccine manufacturing processes for its meningitis A vaccine (MenAfriVac), which was used for manufacturing the pneumococcal vaccine.

This helped the company reduce the manufacturing cost of pneumococcal vaccine

Background:

According to a November 2019 UNICEF report, pneumonia caused 1,27,000 deaths in India in 2018, the second highest number of child mortality under the age of five in the world.

In India, pneumonia and diarrhoea cause the most deaths in children under five years.

Pneumonia - Child Survival & Development for every child in India Infographic



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