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125th Birth Anniversary of Alluri Sitarama Raju


The President of India, Smt. Droupadi Murmu graced and addressed the closing ceremony of the 125th Birth Anniversary of Alluri Sitarama Raju at Hyderabad.


GS I: History

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Alluri Sitarama Raju
  2. Significance in Indian Independence Movement

Alluri Sitarama Raju

Early Life and Background:
  • Alluri Sitarama Raju, born on July 4, 1897, in Visakhapatnam district, Andhra Pradesh, India.
  • Belonged to the Kondadora or Kondareddy tribal community.
Resistance against Colonial Rule:
  • Led the Rampa or Manyam Rebellion in August 1922 against colonial oppression.
  • Rebellion fueled by anti-government sentiment and threats to tribal livelihoods.
  • Attacked police stations in the Godavari agency, coinciding with the Non-Cooperation Movement led by Mahatma Gandhi.
  • Rebellion lasted until May 1924 when Raju was captured and executed.
Mobilization of Tribal Communities:
  • United various tribal communities, including Koyas, Savaras, and Chenchus, against British authorities.
  • Aimed to instill self-esteem and pride among tribes, encouraging resistance against colonial oppression.
  • Guerrilla Warfare Strategies:
  • Utilized guerrilla warfare tactics, taking advantage of the natural terrain of the Eastern Ghats.
  • Employed hit-and-run tactics, ambushed British patrols, and disrupted supply lines.
Preservation of Tribal Culture:
  • Emphasized the preservation of tribal traditions, culture, and customs.
  • Promoted the use of indigenous methods and practices, fostering tribal identity and unity.
Symbol of Resistance:
  • Alluri Sitarama Raju emerged as a symbol of resistance against British rule.
  • His fearless leadership inspired Indians, especially those from tribal communities, to join the fight for independence.

Significance in Indian Independence Movement:

  • Alluri Sitarama Raju played a crucial role in the Indian independence movement as a tribal leader and freedom fighter.
  • His contributions in organizing armed resistance, mobilizing tribal communities, employing guerrilla warfare tactics, and promoting indigenous culture left a lasting impact on the struggle for independence.

Source: The Hindu

December 2023