The President of India, Smt. Droupadi Murmu graced and addressed the closing ceremony of the 125th Birth Anniversary of Alluri Sitarama Raju at Hyderabad.
GS I: History
Dimensions of the Article:
- Alluri Sitarama Raju
- Significance in Indian Independence Movement
Alluri Sitarama Raju
Early Life and Background:
- Alluri Sitarama Raju, born on July 4, 1897, in Visakhapatnam district, Andhra Pradesh, India.
- Belonged to the Kondadora or Kondareddy tribal community.
Resistance against Colonial Rule:
- Led the Rampa or Manyam Rebellion in August 1922 against colonial oppression.
- Rebellion fueled by anti-government sentiment and threats to tribal livelihoods.
- Attacked police stations in the Godavari agency, coinciding with the Non-Cooperation Movement led by Mahatma Gandhi.
- Rebellion lasted until May 1924 when Raju was captured and executed.
Mobilization of Tribal Communities:
- United various tribal communities, including Koyas, Savaras, and Chenchus, against British authorities.
- Aimed to instill self-esteem and pride among tribes, encouraging resistance against colonial oppression.
- Guerrilla Warfare Strategies:
- Utilized guerrilla warfare tactics, taking advantage of the natural terrain of the Eastern Ghats.
- Employed hit-and-run tactics, ambushed British patrols, and disrupted supply lines.
Preservation of Tribal Culture:
- Emphasized the preservation of tribal traditions, culture, and customs.
- Promoted the use of indigenous methods and practices, fostering tribal identity and unity.
Symbol of Resistance:
- Alluri Sitarama Raju emerged as a symbol of resistance against British rule.
- His fearless leadership inspired Indians, especially those from tribal communities, to join the fight for independence.
Significance in Indian Independence Movement:
- Alluri Sitarama Raju played a crucial role in the Indian independence movement as a tribal leader and freedom fighter.
- His contributions in organizing armed resistance, mobilizing tribal communities, employing guerrilla warfare tactics, and promoting indigenous culture left a lasting impact on the struggle for independence.
Source: The Hindu